SOME SUNNI HADITHS ABOUT MUT’AH!

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SOME SUNNI HADITHS ABOUT MUT’AH!


In the Name of God, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful. 


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، وَابْنُ، بَشَّارٍ قَالَ ابْنُ الْمُثَنَّى حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ شَقِيقٍ كَانَ عُثْمَانُ يَنْهَى عَنِ الْمُتْعَةِ، وَكَانَ عَلِيٌّ يَأْمُرُ بِهَا فَقَالَ عُثْمَانُ لِعَلِيٍّ كَلِمَةً ثُمَّ قَالَ عَلِيٌّ لَقَدْ عَلِمْتَ أَنَّا قَدْ تَمَتَّعْنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ أَجَلْ وَلَكِنَّا كُنَّا خَائِفِينَ ‏.‏

‘Abdullah b. Shaqiq reported that ‘Uthman (Allah be pleased with him) used to forbid Tamattu’, whereas ‘Ali (Allah be pleased with him) ordered people to do Mut’ah. ‘Uthman said a word to ‘Ali, but ‘Ali said:

You know that we used to perform Mut’ah with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), whereupon he said: It is right, but we entertained fear.
[ Sahih Muslim 1223 a,  Book 15, Hadith 171, English reference : Book 7, Hadith 2815 ]

حَدَّثَنَا حَامِدُ بْنُ عُمَرَ الْبَكْرَاوِيُّ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الْمُقَدَّمِيُّ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا بِشْرُ، بْنُ الْمُفَضَّلِ حَدَّثَنَا عِمْرَانُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ، عَنْ أَبِي رَجَاءٍ، قَالَ قَالَ عِمْرَانُ بْنُ حُصَيْنٍ نَزَلَتْ آيَةُ الْمُتْعَةِ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ – يَعْنِي مُتْعَةَ الْحَجِّ – وَأَمَرَنَا بِهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثُمَّ لَمْ تَنْزِلْ آيَةٌ تَنْسَخُ آيَةَ مُتْعَةِ الْحَجِّ وَلَمْ يَنْهَ عَنْهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم حَتَّى مَاتَ ‏.‏ قَالَ رَجُلٌ بِرَأْيِهِ بَعْدُ مَا شَاءَ ‏.

 

 

‘Imran b. Husain said: There was revealed the verse of Mut’ah in Hajj in the Book of Allah and the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) commanded us to perform it. and then no verse was revealed abrogating the Mut’ah (form of Hajj), and the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) did not forbid to do it till he died. So whatever a person said was his personal opinion.

[ Sahih Muslim 1226 i, Book 15, Hadith 188, English reference : Book 7, Hadith 2831 ]

وَحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ الصَّمَدِ، حَدَّثَنَا هَمَّامٌ، حَدَّثَنَا قَتَادَةُ، عَنْ مُطَرِّفٍ، عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ حُصَيْنٍ، – رضى الله عنه – قَالَ تَمَتَّعْنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَلَمْ يَنْزِلْ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ ‏.‏ قَالَ رَجُلٌ بِرَأْيِهِ مَا شَاءَ ‏.‏ وَحَدَّثَنِيهِ حَجَّاجُ بْنُ الشَّاعِرِ، حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْمَجِيدِ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ وَاسِعٍ، عَنْ مُطَرِّفِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الشِّخِّيرِ، عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ حُصَيْنٍ، – رضى الله عنه – بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ قَالَ تَمَتَّعَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَتَمَتَّعْنَا مَعَهُ ‏.

‘Imran b. Husain (Allah be pleased with him) reported: We performed Mut’ah in the company of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ), and nothing was revealed in the Qur’an (concerning the abrogation of this practice),and whatever a person (Hadhrat ‘Umar) said was his personal opinion. ‘Imran b. Husain narrated this hadith (in these words also):” Allah’s Apostle (ﷺ) performed Mut’ah and we also performed Mut’ah along with him.”

[  Sahih Muslim 1226 g,h, Book 15, Hadith 187, English reference : Book 7, Hadith 2830 ] 

‏حَدَّثَنَا حَامِدُ بْنُ عُمَرَ الْبَكْرَاوِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَاحِدِ، – يَعْنِي ابْنَ زِيَادٍ – عَنْ عَاصِمٍ، عَنْ أَبِي نَضْرَةَ، قَالَ كُنْتُ عِنْدَ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ فَأَتَاهُ آتٍ فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَابْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ اخْتَلَفَا فِي الْمُتْعَتَيْنِ فَقَالَ جَابِرٌ فَعَلْنَاهُمَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثُمَّ نَهَانَا عَنْهُمَا عُمَرُ فَلَمْ نَعُدْ لَهُمَا ‏.

Abu Nadra reported While I was in the company of Jabir b. Abdullah, a person came to him and said that Ibn ‘Abbas and Ibn Zubair differed on the two types of Mut’as (Mut’ah of Hajj and Mut’ah with women), whereupon Jabir said: We used to do these two during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ).Umar then forbade us to do them, and so we did not revert to them.

[ Sahih Muslim 1405 e, Book 16, Hadith 20, English reference : Book 8, Hadith 3250 ] 

‘Ali (ra) said: The Mut’a is a mercy from Allah to his servants. If it were not for Umar forbidding it, no one would commit (the sin) of fornication (Zina’) except the wretched (Shaqi; an utmost wrong-doer).”

إنَّ المتعة رحمةٌ رحِمَ الله بها عباده. لولا أنَّ عمر نهيَّ عن المتعة ما زنى إلا شقي.

 

 

Sunni references:

  1. • Tafsir al-Kabir, by al-Tha’labi, under commentary of verse 4:24 of Qur’an;
  2. • Tafsir al-Kabir, by Fakhr al-Razi, v3, p200, commentary of verse 4:24;
  3. • Tafsir al-Kabir, by Ibn Jarir al-Tabari, under commentary of verse 4:24 with authentic chain of narrators, v8, p178, Tradition #9042;
  4. • Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor, by al-Suyuti, v2, p140, from several chain of transmitters;
  5. • Tafsir al-Qurtubi, v5, p130, under commentary of verse 4:24 of Qur’an;
  6. • Tafsir Ibn Hayyan, v3, p218, under commentary of verse 4:24 of Qur’an;
  7. • Tafsir Nisaboori, by al-Nisaboori (8th century);
  8. • Ahkam al-Qur’an, by Jassas, v2, p179, under commentary of verse 4:24.

حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو الزُّبَيْرِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ جَابِرَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، يَقُولُ كُنَّا نَسْتَمْتِعُ بِالْقُبْضَةِ مِنَ التَّمْرِ وَالدَّقِيقِ الأَيَّامَ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَبِي بَكْرٍ حَتَّى نَهَى عَنْهُ عُمَرُ فِي شَأْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ حُرَيْثٍ ‏.

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah reported: We contracted temporary marriage giving a handful of (tales or flour as a dower during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and durnig the time of Abu Bakr until ‘Umar forbade it in the case of ‘Amr b. Huraith.

 

 

[ Sahih Muslim 1405 d, Book 16, Hadith 19, English reference : Book 8, Hadith 3249 ] 

Jabir Ibn Abdullah and Salama Ibn al-Akwa’ narrated: There came to us the proclaimer of Allah’s Messenger (May peace be upon him) and said: “Allah’s Messenger has granted you to benefit yourself (Istamta’u), i.e., to contract temporary marriage with women.”

إنَّ رسول الله قد أذِنَ لكم أن تستمتعوا. يعني متعة النساء.

Sunni references:

  1. • Sahih Muslim, English version, v2, chapter DXLI (titled: Temporary Marriage), Tradition #3246
  2. • Sahih Muslim, Arabic version, 1980 Edition Pub. in Saudi Arabia, v2, p1022, Tradition #13, “Kitab al-Nikah, Bab Nikah al-Mut’a”
  3. In the above tradition the verb Istamta’a (to enjoy; to have pleasure) has been used which is the exact form of the verb used in Qur’an in the verse of Mut’a 4:24, and moreover, Jabir said in the above tradition that Istamta’a means performing Mut’a of women (temporary marriage). Similarly it is narrated that:
  4. Salama Ibn al-Akwa’ and Jabir Ibn Abdullah reported: Allah’s Messenger (May peace be upon him) came to us and permitted us to contract temporary marriage.
  5. • Sahih Muslim, English version, v2, chapter DXLI (titled: Temporary Marriage), Tradition #3247
  6. • Sahih Muslim, Arabic version, 1980 Edition Pub. in Saudi Arabia, v2, p1022, Tradition #14, “Kitab al-Nikah, Bab Nikah al-Mut’a”

Moreover al-Bukhari narrated from another companion of the Prophet (S) the following tradition:

Narrated ‘Imran bin Husayn:

“The Verse of Mut’a was revealed in Allah’s Book [4:24], so we did it at the time of Allah’s Apostle, and nothing was revealed in Qur’an to make it illegal, nor did the Prophet prohibit it till he died. But a man (who regarded it illegal) expressed what his own mind suggested.”

(Note: For the above Hadith, the Saudi translator of Sahih al-Bukhari (Muhammad Muhsin Khan) has changed the word “Mut’a”to “Hajj-at-Tamatu”. This is while in the Arabic text of the Hadith of al-Bukhari which is beside the English text, the word “Mut’a”has been used alone:)

 

 

نزلت آية المتعة في كتاب الله

 

 

      Sunni references:

  1. • Sahih al-Bukhari, Arabic-English, v6, Hadith #43
  2. • Sahih al-Bukhari, Arabic, v2, p375, v6, p34
  3. • Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v4, p436 on the authority of ‘Imran Ibn al-Qasir

حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ، عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، عَنْ قَيْسٍ، قَالَ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ كُنَّا نَغْزُو مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَلَيْسَ لَنَا شَىْءٌ فَقُلْنَا أَلاَ نَسْتَخْصِي فَنَهَانَا عَنْ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ رَخَّصَلَنَا أَنْ نَنْكِحَ الْمَرْأَةَ بِالثَّوْبِ، ثُمَّ قَرَأَ عَلَيْنَا {‏يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لاَ تُحَرِّمُوا طَيِّبَاتِ مَا أَحَلَّ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَلاَ تَعْتَدُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ‏}‏‏.‏

 

 

Narrated ‘Abdullah :We used to participate in the holy battles led by Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) and we had nothing (no wives) with us. So we said, “Shall we get ourselves castrated?” He forbade us that and then allowed us to marry women with a temporary contract (2) and recited to us: — ‘O you who believe ! Make not unlawful the good things which Allah has made lawful for you, but commit no transgression.’ (5.87)

 

 

 

      Sunni references:

  1. • Sahih al-Bukhari, Arabic-English version, v7, Tradition #13a
  2. • Sahih al-Bukhari, Arabic, v6, p11, under Tafsir of verse 5:87 of Qur’an
  3. • Sahih Muslim, Arabic version, 1980 Edition Pub. in Saudi Arabia, v2, p1022, Tradition #11, “Kitab al-Nikah, Bab Nikah al-Mut’a”
  4. • Sahih Muslim, English version, v2, chapter DXLI (titled: Temporary Marriage), Tradition #3243
  5. Following the above tradition in Sahih Muslim, it is narrated that:

 

  1. This Hadith has been narrated on the authority of Isma’il with the same chain of transmitters (but the words are): “We were young so we said: “O Allah’s Apostle! should we not have ourselves castrated? But he (the narrator) did NOT say we were on an expedition.”

 

         Sunni references:

  1. • Sahih Muslim, English version, v2, chapter DXLI (titled: Temporary Marriage), Tradition #3245
  2. • Sahih Muslim, Arabic version, 1980 Edition Pub. in Saudi Arabia, v2, p1022, Tradition #12, “Kitab al-Nikah, Bab Nikah al-Mut’a”

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