THE ROOT, THE TREE AND THE FRUIT


THE ROOT, THE TREE AND THE FRUIT


In the Name of God, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful.


.الكبر من الجذرة, الجهل من الشجرة والكفر من الثمرة

Arrogance comes from the root, Ignorance comes from the tree and the denial of the truth comes from the fruit.

– Amir Zabidi


Kufr (كفر) in its original meaning means : conceal ; cover ; hide, suppress, subdue, repress, secrete.


Arrogance is undoubtedly the original problem to all developing evil traits a human can have.

Arrogance is the root of the tree of blackness and darkness. Arrogance leads to many dark traits but also to ignorance. When you have cultivated a seed of arrogance in your heart, then this seed can lead to ignorance, because when you are arrogant, you think, for example, you know everything, and when you believe you know everything, you stop reading, investigating, scrutinizing and searching for knowledge, and most importantly, you stop searching for the Truth.

A combination of the root of arrogance and the tree of ignorance leads to the denial of the truth out of arrogance. But Kufr (the denial of truth) in the Islamic terms, means that you are denying the truth while you know the truth being the Truth of God.

Even if you know that it is the truth and you deny it with your tongue, with your heart and with your actions, you will in any case be categorized as an ignorant and an incompetent individual who does not allow his intellect to aspire outside the box, and you end up in a hamster-wheel where you are continuing to be a narrow-minded, ignorant and an incompetent human being who has the capability and capacity to reach the highest levels of intellectualism and rationalism . The acceptance of falsehood and denial of the truth leads to the enclosure of the path that leads to knowledge and to the truth. If you are under the banner of truth, you automatically become a human being of open-mindedness and openness.


The fruit is not only tied to its root : Arrogance. Many other different types of different fruits will also emerge due to the arrogance of the root of your personality if you have cultivated the seeds of arrogance and haughtiness.

Arrogance can lead to anger, frustration, envy, hatred, rancour, pride, egoism, greed etc.

All of them are connected to Kufr (denial of the truth), but just because you get angry, frustrated or hateful, doesn’t mean you become a denier of truth. What I want to say is that there are the characteristics of Iman (Faith) and Arrogance (Kibr), and these two are the opposite of each other.


لاَ يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ مَنْ كَانَ فِي قَلْبِهِ مِثْقَالُ حَبَّةٍ مِنْ خَرْدَلٍ مِنْ كِبْرٍ وَلاَ يَدْخُلُ النَّارَ مَنْ كَانَ فِي قَلْبِهِ مِثْقَالُ حَبَّةٍ مِنْ إِيمَانٍ

A famous Hadith from Prophet Muhammad (S) which is accepted by all the Islamic schools of thought, where he (S) said : ” No one will enter the Paradise (The Mercy of God), if he has a mustard seed’s weight of arrogance in his heart, and no one will enter Hell (The Justice of God), if he has a mustard seed’s weight of Faith in his heart.

[Sunan Ibn Majah, Jami’ At-Tirmidhi, Sunan Abi Dawud]


As I have explained before, Faith is connected to all good qualities such as love, humbleness, forgiveness, mercy, kindness etc.

So, when one is denying God and the Truth, it is like denying the root of Love, Mercy and Compassion. It is like denying Love, Mercy and Compassion and choosing to believe in the path of arrogance and accept it. One chooses to see the path of hatred, anger, frustration, arrogance, pride, rancour, malevolence etc, as the path of truth and succour, while it is the path of destruction, falsehood and darkness.


So what is the root of Iman (faith)?


الخشوع من الجذرة , العلم و الحكمة من الشجرة والإيمان من الثمرة

Humility is from the root, Knowledge and Wisdom are from the tree and Faith is from the fruit.

– Amir Zabidi


قَدۡ اَفۡلَحَ الۡمُؤۡمِنُوۡنَۙ ,الَّذِيۡنَ هُمۡ فِىۡ صَلَاتِهِمۡ خَاشِعُوۡنَ ۙ‏

Successful indeed are the believers: those who humble themselves in prayer. (Salah comes from the word صِلَة which means : bearing ; bond ; connection ; contact ; link ; nexus ; pertinence ; relation(ship) ; relevance ; tie ; tie-in etc = Connecting to God)

[The Chapter of the believers (Those who have Iman) : verse 1-2]


إِنَّمَا يَخْشَى اللَّهَ مِنْ عِبَادِهِ الْعُلَمَاءُ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ غَفُورٌ

Only those fear [With Submissiveness , Humbleness and Humility] God, from among His servants, [are those] who have knowledge. Indeed, God is Exalted in Might and Forgiving.

[The Chapter of The Originator : verse 28]


هُوَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ فِي الْأُمِّيِّينَ رَسُولًا مِّنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِن كَانُوا مِن قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ

It is He who has sent among the unlettered a Messenger from themselves reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book [With Divine Knowledge] and wisdom – although they were before in clear error –

[The Chapter of Friday : verse 2]


اِنَّ الَّذِيۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا وَعَمِلُوا الصّٰلِحٰتِۙ اُولٰٓـئِكَ هُمۡ خَيۡرُ الۡبَرِيَّةِ

Indeed, Those who have faith and do righteous deeds [deeds of goodness],- they are the best of creatures [They are the best of all human beings].

[The Chapter of the Evidence : verse 7]


And one of the most famous and Classical Sunni Quranic Exegete Jalaluddin As-Suyuti comments on The Chapter of the Evidence [98], verse 7 “Indeed, Those who have faith and do righteous deeds [deeds of goodness],- they are the best of creatures [They are the best of all human beings].”, in his Durr Al-Manthur, by narrating Hadiths from the Holy Prophet (S) where he (S) said :

وأخرج ابن عساكر ، عن جابر بن عبد الله قال كنا عند النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فأقبل علي فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم : والذي نفسي بيده إن هذا وشيعته لهم الفائزون يوم القيامة ونزلت إن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الصالحات أولئك هم خير البرية فكان أصحاب النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا أقبل علي قالوا : قد جاء خير البرية .

From Ibn Asakir, narrated from Jabir Ibn Abdullah Al-Ansari (R) who said : ” We were with the Prophet (S), and he (S) greeted Imam Ali (A), and The Prophet (S) said : ” I swear by the one who has my soul in his hand (God), Indeed, This man (Imam Ali) and his Shia are the winners on the day of resurrection, and the 7th verse of the chapter of the evidence (The 98th chapter of the Holy Qur’an) Indeed, Those who have faith and do righteous deeds [deeds of goodness],- they are the best of creatures [They are the best of all human beings] was revealed. So whenever the companions of the Prophet (S) would greet Imam Ali (A) they would say ” The best human being has arrived”.


Jalaluddin As-Suyuti continued to narrate Hadiths under the 7th verse “Indeed, Those who have faith and do righteous deeds [deeds of goodness],- they are the best of creatures [They are the best of all human beings]. ” of Surah Al-Bayyinah (The Chapter of the Evidence) in his Durr Al-Manthur :

وأخرج ابن مردويه عن عائشة قالت : [ قلت يا رسول الله من أكرم الخلق على الله ؟ قال : يا عائشة أما تقرئين { إن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الصالحات أولئك هم خير البرية } ] خير البرية علي وشيعته.

From Ibn Mardawai, narrated from Aisha who said : ” Oh The Messenger of God! who is the best creation in the eyes of God. The Holy Prophet (S) replied : ” Oh Aisha! have you not read ” “Indeed, Those who have faith and do righteous deeds [deeds of goodness],- they are the best of creatures [They are the best of all human beings] ” [98:7] ?

The best creations [In the eyes of God] are Imam Ali (A) and His (A) Shia. “


JAMI’ AT-TIRMIDHI : IMAM ALI (A) IS THE MOST BELOVED CREATURE OF GOD AFTER PROPHET MUHAMMED (S)



حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ وَكِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُوسَى، عَنْ عِيسَى بْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنِ السُّدِّيِّ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ كَانَ عِنْدَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم طَيْرٌ فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ اللَّهُمَّ ائْتِنِي بِأَحَبِّ خَلْقِكَ إِلَيْكَ يَأْكُلُ مَعِي هَذَا الطَّيْرَ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ فَجَاءَ عَلِيٌّ فَأَكَلَ مَعَهُ

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

“There was a bird with the Prophet (ﷺ), so he said: ‘O Allah, send to me the most beloved of Your creatures to eat this bird with me.’ So ‘Ali came and ate with him.”


Grade : Hassan/Muttawatir = Authentic Hadith
[Sunni Reference : Jami’ At-Tirmidhi, Arabic reference : Book 49, Hadith 4087, English Reference : Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3721,https://sunnah.com/urn/636010]

This is undoubtedly a Hadith from one of the six most sacred books after The Holy Qur’an in Sunnism, proving that Imam Ali (A) is the most beloved creation of God after Prophet Muhammad (S). After all, Sunni Muslims criticize the Shia Muslims for considering Imam Ali (A) the most beloved man after Prophet Muhammad (S), while their sources and references themselves confirm that Imam Ali (A) is the best human being after Prophet Muhammad (S).

It is very clear that Prophet Muhammad (S) supplicated to God and asked him to send him the most beloved creation of his creations, the most beloved creatures of his creatures to eat the cooked bird with him, and Imam Ali (A) came and ate the bird with Prophet Muhammad (S). A Supplication + A Response from God.

This means that God loves Imam Ali (A) most after our beloved Prophet Muhammad (S) who is the best creation God ever has created!

قُلۡ اِنۡ كُنۡتُمۡ تُحِبُّوۡنَ اللّٰهَ فَاتَّبِعُوۡنِىۡ يُحۡبِبۡكُمُ اللّٰهُ وَيَغۡفِرۡ لَـكُمۡ ذُنُوۡبَكُمۡؕ وَاللّٰهُ غَفُوۡرٌ رَّحِيۡمٌ

Say: If you love God, then follow me, God will love you and forgive you your faults, and God is Forgiving, Merciful

[Qur’an : 3:31]


This means that no one followed the Prophet (S) more than Imam Ali (A). As Imam Al-Khomeini (R) said:

“If to be a Sunni is to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (saw), then there is no greater Sunni than Imam Ali (as). If to be a Shia is to love Imam Ali (as), then there is no greater Shia than Prophet Muhammad (saw)” ; because no man was more beloved to the Prophet (S) than Imam Ali (A), and no women was more beloved to the Prophet (S) than Fatima Az-Zahra (A) :

حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الْجَوْهَرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا الأَسْوَدُ بْنُ عَامِرٍ، عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ الأَحْمَرِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَطَاءٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ كَانَ أَحَبَّ النِّسَاءِ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَاطِمَةُ وَمِنَ الرِّجَالِ عَلِيٌّ ‏.

Narrated Buraidah:
“The most beloved of women to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) was Fatimah and from the men was ‘Ali.”

Arabic Grade : Good/Authentic

[ Sunni Reference : Jami’ At-Tirmidhi, Eng Ref : Vol. 1, Book 46, Hadith 3868, Arabic Reference : Book 49, Hadith 4242 ]

Jalaluddin As-Suyuti continues to narrate Hadiths under the 7th verse “Indeed, Those who have faith and do righteous deeds [deeds of goodness],- they are the best of creatures [They are the best of all human beings]. ” of Surah Al-Bayyinah (The Chapter of the Evidence) in his Durr Al-Manthur :

وأخرج ابن عدي، وابن عساكر عن أبي سعيد مرفوعا : علي خير البرية .

From Ibn Udayy and Ibn ‘Asakir, narrated from Ibn Sa’id from a Marfu’ Hadith (Ibn al-Salah said: “Marfoʻ (مَرْفُوْع) refers to a narration attributed specifically to the Prophet [Muhammad]. This term does not refer to other than him unless otherwise specified. Muqadimah Ibn al-Salah, by Ibn al-Salah, along with Muhasin al-Istilah by al-Bulqini, edited by ‘Aishah bint ‘Abd al-Rahman, pg. 193-5, Dar al-Ma’arif, Cairo.) :

” Imam Ali (A) is the Best Human being [After the Prophet (S) of course] “.


Jalaluddin As-Suyuti continues to narrate Hadiths under the 7th verse ” Indeed, Those who have faith and do righteous deeds [deeds of goodness],- they are the best of creatures [They are the best of all human beings]. ” of Surah Al-Bayyinah (The Chapter of the Evidence) in his Durr Al-Manthur :

وأخرج ابن مردويه عن ابن عباس قال : لما نزلت هذه الآية إن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الصالحات أولئك هم خير البرية قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لعلي : هو أنت وشيعتك يوم القيامة راضين مرضيين .

From Ibn Mardawai, Narrated from Ibn ‘Abbas : ” When this verse ” ” Indeed, Those who have faith and do righteous deeds [deeds of goodness],- they are the best of creatures [They are the best of all human beings]. ” [98:7] was revealed, The Messenger of God (S) said to Imam Ali (A) :

” Indeed you and your Shia are pleased and satisfied [with the best of satisfaction} on the day of Resurrection


Jalaluddin As-Suyuti also narrated under the 7th verse : ” Indeed, Those who have faith and do righteous deeds [deeds of goodness],- they are the best of creatures [They are the best of all human beings]. ” of Surah Al-Bayyinah (The Chapter of the Evidence) in his Durr Al-Manthur :

وأخرج ابن مردويه، عن علي، قال : قال لي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : ألم تسمع قول الله : إن الذين آمنوا وعملوا الصالحات أولئك هم خير البرية أنت وشيعتك وموعدي وموعدكم الحوض إذا جثت الأمم للحساب تدعون غرا محجلين .

From Ibn Mardawai, Narrated from Imam Ali (A) : ” The Prophet (S) said to me : ” Have you not heard the word (the verse of God) of God : ” ” Indeed, Those who have faith and do righteous deeds [deeds of goodness],- they are the best of creatures [They are the best of all human beings]. “? [98:7] . The Prophet (S) said to Imam Ali (A) that ” this verse is you and your Shia. God has promised me and God has promised you the pool [of Kawthar] when the nations have been resurrected in front of their accounting, then you [Imam Ali (A) and your Shia] will be called with a light with the strongest of whiteness that will be illuminating from your faces and your feets. “


Further reading from Durr Al-Manthur by Jalaluddin As-Suyuti :

http://www.islamweb.net/newlibrary/display_book.php?bk_no=203&ID=3004&idfrom=2914&idto=2915&bookid=203&startno=1#docu


May God make us among the humble servants, and we seek refuge in God from the roots of arrogance!


| Your Brother Amir Zabidi

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